UN General Assembly Resolution 70/33
OP.3 Decides that the open-ended working group shall also substantively address recommendations on other measures that could contribute to taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations, including but not limited to (a) transparency measures related to the risks associated with existing nuclear weapons; (b) measures to reduce and eliminate the risk of accidental, mistaken, unauthorized or intentional nuclear weapon detonations; and (c) additional measures to increase awareness and understanding of the complexity of and interrelationship between the wide range of humanitarian consequences that would result from any nuclear detonation;
Nuclear Weapons: Transparency and Risk Reduction
1. What are the challenges facing global nuclear weapon governance and how can it be strengthened?
The convening of a second Open-ended Working Group to carry out work further to the first OEWG is a welcome development particularly in light of the exacerbated differences over nuclear disarmament witnessed at last year’s NPT Review Conference. The question of transparency measures, measures to reduce the risk of accidental detonation of nuclear weapons, and the humanitarian and environmental consequences of any further use of nuclear weapons, have all been discussed in great depth previously in many forums, and volumes of scientific and technical analyses are available
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. There is no dearth of feasible concepts, ideas, measures and plans. What is missing though is the political will and determination to tackle the complex questions associated with accountability, control, transparency and verification of measures to disable and dismantle nuclear weapons and to achieve a world without nuclear weapons…
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Tariq Rauf is Director of the Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Programme at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
. Senior Advisor to the Chair of Main Committee I (nuclear disarmament) at the 2015 NPT Review Conference, as well as to the Chair of the 2014 NPT PrepCom. Head of Verification and Security Policy Coordination, Office reporting to the Director General, at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) – Alternate Head of IAEA NPT Delegation 2004-2010
. Non- Proliferation Expert with Canada’s NPT Delegation 1987-2000
. This paper reflects the personal views of the author.